Primeiras & Segundas Livelihoods Project Print E-mail

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A sustainable Coastal Livelihoods project in northern Mozambique



©CARE/Ausi Petrelius

In the Primeiras & Segundas eco-region, the fate of the environment and its inhabitants are inextricably linked. Increased pressure on the fisheries, combined with unsustainable fishing techniques and the adverse effects of climate change, has dramatically reduced the population of fish in the area. Thousands of residents of coastal communities, who have long been highly dependent on the sea’s abundance, have been finding themselves increasingly unable to feed themselves or their families as a result of declining catches.

Poor soil and poor farmers


Of course, fishing is not the only livelihood activity practiced in the region. Most families have small farm plots, known as machambas, where they attempt to grow enough crops to sustain their families—and ideally some extra to sell or trade. Unfortunately, the sandy soils do not make  agriculture easy—and the typical farming technique of burning the fields after each harvest further degrades the quality of the soil.


Meanwhile, other environmental practices that for years seemed to do no appreciable harm—such as cutting down mangrove trees for timber and firewood—have started to make their cumulative presence known in the form of erosion and decreased protection from the sea.

To address these challenges, CARE and WWF have teamed up with partners in the Government, as well as Mozambican NGOs AENA and OLIPA, to implement a coherent set of initiatives designed to improve local livelihoods and restore the region’s invaluable ecosystems.

The project’s overall goal is to improve the livelihoods security of coastal inhabitants of Angoche and Moma Districts, with simultaneous increases in overall ecosystem productivity and reductions in resource overuse and exhaustion. To achieve this broad goal, the project is determined to see the following results:

By the end of three years of project work, 1,500 families in Angoche and Moma Districts will sustainably manage their natural resources in a way that provides them with more food, improved income, a diversified livelihoods base, more productive ecosystems, and reduced vulnerability to climatologic variation, drought, and other natural disasters.