ANALYSIS STEP 6: Synthesising, validating and documenting the analysis
The ongoing value of a good analysis is in how you use it to inform a better design and implementation. Systematic synthesis of the major issues identified from what will be a large amount of information is key to its usefulness. A large amount of data and information that is presented in a way that isnít useful will greatly limit the future use of the work done. Synthesised results should be validated by key informants and project stakeholders.
Because climate change is a dynamic phenomenon the analysis will likely require updating. Therefore it is vital to document the sources of information and analytical process used, as well as the validation process, so that new information can be checked and incorporated as it emerges. In addition to documenting conclusions and recommended actions, we need to ensure that gaps in information and key uncertainties are documented. This will help to identify issues that may need further analysis and uncertainties that must be monitored.
Analysis Step 6.1: Analysis and conclusions validated by stakeholders†
It is important to present results of the entire analysis to all actors to confirm the validity of conclusions. Triangulation can be undertaken to ensure accuracy. A two-stage approach is suggested for the validation process Ė firstly presenting the analysis to the local community groups to ensure that the conclusions are correct and secondly presenting the amended results to a wider stakeholder group. You should explain the results of the analysis as well as what these results mean for subsequent stages of the CBA project development, and how they will be incorporated into the CBA process.
Through this process you can facilitate wider dialogue on issues that have been raised by particular groups which may have implications for other groups and make other actors aware of the views of the particularly vulnerable groups. This would also create awareness about the views of different stakeholders; promote dialogue; commence a collective synthesis of the results and generate ownership of suggested project modifications.
Analysis Step 6.2: Synthesise analysis and prioritise adaptation issues †
It is vital to synthesise the large amount of information that has been generated into a coherent picture of a complex situation. This will be the essential basis for the future design work, as well as a potential resource for future development projects in the area. Synthesising is more than summarizing. Synthesis also requires that you look for themes and trends in the data, draw conclusions on the basis of the analysis and prioritise the data. Synthesising the results of the analysis will allow you to highlight the most important issues for CBA and the gaps that remain in your knowledge. The synthesis should clarify what the results mean for different actors, the assumptions and risks considered, and should generate a list of potential, as well as priority, CBA strategies that the project could consider in the design stage.
Analysis Step 6.3: Priority adaptation issues documented to facilitate project design, implementation and information & knowledge management †
It is vital to prepare a document with the results of the synthesised analytical process. In addition to conclusions and recommended actions, you should document information gaps and key uncertainties. This will help to identify issues that may need further analysis and uncertainties that must be monitored throughout the project. A summary of the key outcomes should be produced and used as a basis for project design. Key elements of the final document are:
- The assumptions made in the process. For example you may be using climate data from a neighbouring district in the absence of localised data.
- An explanation of the accuracy of these assumptions.
- Note gaps in data and information and key variables to track and monitor over time within the design.
- Priority climate hazards and impact on the livelihoods of different groups.
- How climate change is affecting the ecosystems that people rely on for their livelihoods.
- Policies, programmes and institutions that have the most impact in terms of constraining or facilitating adaptation.
- Particularly vulnerable social or economic groups within the community.
- Potential partners and opponents.
- All sources of information and data
For further information on documentation and dissemination, go to I&KM Step 3.
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